The Virtues and Importance of Jumu’ah Salaat
Friday is the most special day of the week for Muslims. It is obligatory upon every Muslim male who has attained puberty to fulfill his duties of Jumu'ah prayer every Friday. Here’s a guide of etiquettes to follow before and during Friday and Jumu'ah prayer.
Abu Hurayrah (رضي الله عنه) narrated that the Messenger of Allah said (ﷺ): “The best day on which the sun rises is Friday (Jumu'ah). On it Adam was created, on it he was admitted to Paradise and on it he was expelled therefrom.”
1) Leave All Other Matters Aside
On this day, Muslims all around the world get ready for Jumu'ah prayers, leaving their businesses and all other social and professional wares aside.
“O you who have believed, when [the adhan] is called for the prayer on the day of Jumu'ah [Friday], then proceed to the remembrance of Allah and leave trade. That is better for you, if you only knew.” [Qur’an 62:9]
2) Recite the Quran
A Muslim must make it a common act of his to set time aside to recite the Qur’an every single day. On Fridays it is better to recite Surah-Al-Kahf.
“Whoever recites Surat al-Kahf on Friday, light shall shine forth for him between the two Fridays.” [Ibn Hajar & Talkhis al- Habir]
3) Do Ghusl & Get Ready
In preparation for Jumu'ah prayers, you must perform an obligatory ghusl (purifying bath), and use miswak (if it is available) to clean your mouth and teeth. Taking care of one’s appearance is one of the main etiquettes of attending Jumu'ah prayer. You must make an effort to wear nice, clean, and pleasant-smelling clothes (use perfume) as this is a gathering more valuable than any other in your life.
Abdullah bin Umar narrated that Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said, "Anyone of you attending the Friday (prayers) should take a bath."
Rasulullah (ﷺ) said: “The person who has a bath on Friday, purifies himself as far as possible, applies oil to his hair, applies perfume, leaves for the musjid, when he arrives at the musjid he does not sit down by removing anyone from his place, offers as many nafl salaats as possible, when the imam delivers the khutbah he remains silent – then his sins from the previous jumu’ah till now will be forgiven.” [Sahih-Al-Buhari]
4) Go to The Mosque Early
You must try to leave for the mosque as early as possible; the sooner you get there, the higher the reward will be.
It is recorded that the Prophet Muhammed (ﷺ) said: “…The person who entered first will receive the reward of sacrificing a camel in the path of Allah, the one who followed him will get the reward of sacrificing a cow, thereafter a chicken, thereafter the reward of giving an egg as charity in the path of Allah….”
[Sahih-Al-Bukhari & Sahih-Al-Muslim]
5) The Khutbah and Etiquettes of Jumu'ah Prayer
It is important that one sits quietly and listens attentively to the sermon by the Imam. He must not let his mind wander away, or engage in thoughts relating to the outside world. The importance of this can be gathered from the beginning and end of the previously mentioned Hadith:
"When it is a Friday, the angels stand at the gate of the mosque and keep on writing the names of the persons coming to the mosque in succession according to their arrivals…”
“…once the khutbah commences, the angels close the register and begin listening to the khutbah.” [Sahih-Al-Bukhari and Sahih-Al-Muslim]
“…when the imam delivers the khutbah he remains silent – then his sins from the previous Jumu'ah till now will be forgiven.”
It will be best to leave your mobile phone switched off, to avoid the temptation to fiddle with it while in the Masjid.
6) Make Lots of Dua
Making Dua and Zikr all day through the day of Jumu'ah, from the time that the sun goes down on Thursday to the same time the next day.
“There is no day more virtuous than Friday. There is such an hour in this day that no Muslim will make Dua in it except that his Dua will be accepted. And he does not seek protection from anything except that Allah Ta’ala will grant him protection.” [Tirmidhi]
The Aadaab of Jumu'ah and Sunnahs to Be Followed
1. Every Muslim should make preparations for jumu’ah from Thursday, preferably by Thursday night. Trim nails and hair in preparation for Jumu'ah... After the Asr salaat of Thursday, he should make a lot of istighfaar. He should clean his clothes and keep them ready. If he does not have any perfume in his house, then if it is possible he should try and obtain some and keep it ready so that he will not get distracted with these things on jumu’ah. The pious people of the past have stated that the person to receive the most benefit on Friday will be that person who waits for it and who makes preparations for it from Thursday.
2 . On the day of jumu’ah, ghusl should be made and the hair of the head and the rest of the body should be thoroughly washed. It is also very virtuous to use the miswaak on this day.
3 . After making ghusl, a person should wear the best clothing that he possesses, and if possible he should also apply some perfume. He should also clip his nails.
4 . He should try and go very early to the mosque, one should try to sit as close to the Imam as possible. But if he arrives late, he must not inconvenience those that are already there. Instead, he must join in wherever there is space.
The earlier a person goes, the more reward he will receive. Rasulullah (Allah bless him & give him peace) said: “On the day of jumu’ah, the angels stand at the entrance of that masjid in which jumu’ah salaat is to be offered. They write down the name of the person who enters the masjid first, and thereafter the name of the person who follows, and they continue doing this .
The person who entered first will receive the reward of sacrificing a camel in the path of Allah, the one who followed him will get the reward of sacrificing a cow, thereafter a chicken, thereafter the reward of giving an egg as charity in the path of Allah. Once the khutbah commences, the angels close the register and begin listening to the khutbah. ” (Bukhari and Muslim)
5 . By going walking for the jumu’ah salaat, one gets the reward of fasting for one year for every step that he takes. (Tirmidhi)
6 . On Fridays, Rasulullah (Allah bless him & give him peace) used to recite Surah Alif Laam Meem Sajdah and Surah Hal Ataa, in the fajr salaat . These Surahs should therefore be occasionally recited in the fajr salaat on Fridays . Occasionally they should be left out so that people do not regard their recitation as wajib.
7 . For the jumu’ah salaat, Rasulullah (Allah bless him & give him peace) used to recite the following Surahs: al-Jumu’ah and al-Munaafiqun, or al-A’la and al-Ghaashiyah .
8 . There is a lot of reward in reciting Surah Kahf either before the jumu’ah salaat or after it. Rasulullah (Allah bless him & give him peace) said: “The person who recites Surah Kahf on Fridays, a nur will appear for him from below the arsh as high as the skies. This light will help him in the darkness of the day of resurrection . And all the sins which he may have committed from the last Friday till this Friday will be forgiven . ” (Sharh Sifrus-Sa’aadah) The ulama have written that this Hadith refers to minor sins because major sins are not forgiven without making taubah.
9 . There is more reward in reciting durood on Fridays than on other days . It has been mentioned in the Hadith that durood should be recited abundantly on Fridays .
Jumu’ah salaat is fard-e-ayn . It has been established from the Quran, Hadith and the consensus of the ummah. It is one of the most salient features of Islam. The person who rejects jumu’ah salaat is a kaafir. The one who misses it without any valid excuse is afaasiq. Allah Ta’ala says in the Quran:
Translation : “O you who believe! When the call for jumu’ah salaat is made, hasten towards the remembrance of Allah Ta’ala and leave all transactions. This is best for you if only you know . ”
In this verse, “remembrance” refers to the jumu’ah salaat and khutbah. “Hasten” means that one should go with great concern and care.
We pray you found this to be a meaningful and inspiring read. May Allah bless you and your family to uphold the etiquettes and virtues of Jumu'ah and reunite us all the highest ranks of Jannah.